|THE FAMILY - THE SFORZA'S DESCENDANTS|
During their permanence as the Duchy of Milan, the Sforza created many titles of nobility, which they conferred to the direct heirs of the dukes of the time.
Under Sforza II Sforza (1499-1492), son of Francesco I, Duke of Milan, the branch of Counts of Borgonovo was created, but came to an end by the end of XVII century, when Alessandro III, husband of Polissena Gonzaga, died childless.
The Marquisate of Caravaggio was created by Massimiliano during his govern of Milan.
The family began with Giovanni Paolo Sforza (d. 1535), illegitimate son of Ludovico the Moor and brother of Massimiliano. Giovanni Paolo, who wore the same name as his ancestor, was honored with the royal order of the Golden Fleece.
The Marquis of Caravaggio's dynasty was extinguished with Francesco Maria (d. 1708), who left daughter Bianca Maria as the only heir.
Under Alessandro Sforza (1409-1473), illegitimate son of Muzio Attendolo, the family of the Sforza of Pesaro began.
Alessandro became lord of the city in 1455, a year after marrying Costanza Varano niece of Galeazzo Malatesta, Lord of Pesaro.
Later, Francesco, who had the jurisdiction over Pesaro, gave the city to Galeazzo as a gift.
Alessandro had 5 children, among them Battista Sforza, who married Federico di Urbino, Duke of Montefeltro.
Their portraits, by Piero della Francesca, can be admired at the Uffizi, in Florence.
Among the other lords, Giovanni (1466-1510) should be mentioned; whose second wife was the famous Lucrezia Borgia, daughter of Pope Alexander VI.
Giovanni's third wife gave him Costanzo II, the last of the Sforza of Pesaro, who ruled the city until 1512.